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:: A ::

A: drive
On a PC, usually the letter representing your computer's 3.5 floppy disk drive.

Above the fold
The content on a Web page that is visible without scrolling. The content you see when you have to scroll down is referred to as below the fold. The area above the fold is considered the most desirable real estate on a Web page.

A Java-like Microsoft language that permits web-originated programs to be run from the Microsoft Internet Explorer browser.

Address Bar
Or 'Location Field.' The white horizontal box in your Web browser window where the URL of the current Web site is shown and where you can type in another URL.

Typing '' in the Address Bar will get you to the Adept Multimediae home page.

Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly proficient [syn: expert, good, practiced, proficient, skillful].

Acrobat is part of a set of applications developed by Adobe to create and view PDF files. Acrobat is used to create the PDF files, and the freeware Acrobat Reader is used to read the PDF files.

Advanced Digital Network - Usually refers to a 56Kbps leased-line.

See: DSL

Audio Interchange File Format - This audio file format was developed for storing high-quality sampled audio and musical instrument information, played by a variety of downloadable software on both the PC and the Mac

Aliasing occurs when a computer monitor, printer, or graphics file does not have a high enough resolution to represent a graphic image or text. An aliased image is often said to have jagged edges.

The positioning of a body of text. Text can be positioned to the left, right, or "center" of a page. For the best, consistent alignment, web graphic designers use tables and embedded tables.

Part of the image source tag in HTML. An experienced web designer will always include text in all of your image sources for two reasons: (1) if any of your visitors choose not to view graphic images on your web pages, the alternative text will be shown; and (2) if your visitors use Internet Explorer as their browser and they leave the mouse over any graphic image, they will view the text in your ALT-attribute.

Animated GIF
A GIF graphic file, which consists of two or more images shown in a timed sequence to give the effect of motion.

The addition of movement to a web page. This can be accomplished by using Java, Shockwave, Flash, animated GIFs, and other multimedia techniques.

Anonymous FTP
See: FTP

Smoothing or blending the transition of pixels in an image. Anti-aliasing the edges on a graphic image makes the edges appear smooth, not jagged.

A small Java program that can be embedded in an HTML page. Applets differ from full-fledged Java applications in that they are not allowed to access certain resources on the local computer, such as files and serial devices (modems, printers, etc.), and are prohibited from communicating with most other computers across a network. An applet can only make an Internet connection to the computer from which the applet was sent. See also HTML and Java.

A system that automatically gathers, indexes, and serves archived information on the Internet.The initial implementation of Archie provided an indexed directory of filenames from anonymous FTP archives on the Internet. Later versions provide other collections of information.

Advanced Research Projects Agency Network - The precursor to the Internet. Developed in the late 60’s and early 70’s by the US Department of Defense as an experiment in wide-area-networking that would survive a nuclear war. See also Internet.

American Standard Code for Information Interchange - This is the de facto world-wide standard for the code numbers used by computers to represent all the upper and lower-case Latin letters, numbers, punctuation, etc. There are 128 standard ASCII codes each of which can be represented by a 7 digit binary number: 0000000 through 1111111.

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:: B ::

A high-speed network for internetworking computer networks. Usually Internet Service Providers are located near major backbones and branch their services off from that point.

An attribute of the Body tag for specifying to a browser an image to be tiled behind all other document elements. This attribute's value is the URL of the graphic that will be tiled as the background of the page. The user will not see this background for non-compliant browsers, if image loading is turned off, or if the user has overridden the background images in their preferences.

A measurement of a network's transmission speed, how much data a network can transfer in a given amount of time.

A poular type of advertising found on the WWW consisting of a a graphic (usually banner shaped which acts as link to the advertiser's home page or other informational site.

Baud rate
The number of transitions per second made by a modem, see bps.

Adding a beveled effect to a graphic image gives the image a raised appearance by applying highlight colors and shadow colors to the inside and outside edges.

Computers store information in the form of on and off electrical impulses, which correspond to the binary (base 2) digits, 0 and 1. Files can be transferred over the Internet in either binary or ASCII (text) format. A binary file is one that contains any non-printable characters, such as compiled programs, graphics files, word-processing and spreadsheet files, audio files, and so on. See also File Transfer Protocol.

ABinary digit. A bit is the primary unit of digital data. Written in binary language as a "1" or a "0". There are eight bits in a byte. There are eight its in one ASCII character. See also kilobit, megabit.

Bit Depth - Pixel Depth
The bits per pixel used to represent color. The more bits per pixel, the more colors.

Bitmap Image
A graphic image stored as a specific arrangement of screen dots, or pixels. Web graphics are bitmap images. A graphic which is defined by specifying the colors of dots or pixels which make up the picture. Also known as raster graphics. Common types of bitmap graphics are GIF, JPEG, Photoshop, PCX, TIFF, Macintosh Paint, Microsoft Paint, BMP, PNG, FAX formats, and TGA.

An education and research network that makes up part of the Internet, mainly used for email & listservs.

Bits per second (BPS)
Measurement of the data transmission for a modem or network.

The process of saving a URL in your Web browser. Allows the user to return to a particular site or entry by making a record of it.

Browse - To Browse
To navigate the World Wide Web. [syn: cruise, surf].

See Web Browser.

Bulletin board system (BBS)
A service dedicated to a specific topic where users post messages that are read by others. It is a computer or computers that offer dial-in communication which offers users the ability to send e-mail, use news-groups, and sometimes access the Internet.

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