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:: G ::

A computer system that connects two incompatible services such as a commercial online service and the Internet.

Graphical Interchange Format is a method used to compress and transfer graphics images into digital information. It is a commonly used graphics file format for image files on the Internet.

GIF Animation
A simple and way to create "instant animation". It will allow a limited form of sprite-based animation. You can add a smaller image to a larger one and change its coordinates in following images.

A play on the words "go for." A text menu-based browsing service on the Internet. The user selects an item on the menu and is led to either a file or another menu. The predecessor to the World Wide Web.

Pictures or images, either scanned for online use or created with graphics software. Graphic file formats include GIF, JPEG, BMP, PCX, and TIFF.

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:: H ::

History - Search History
Available by using the combined keystrokes CTRL + H, a more permanent record of sites you have visited. You can set how many days your browser retains history.

Hit - A hit
An instance of someone (or something, such as a Webcrawler robot indexing program) accessing a Web page.

Home page
The main page of hypertext-based information for an individual or organization on the World Wide Web (WWW). It is an introductory page within the web site that provides a navigational system like a table of contents to view other pages within the site. It is the first page that will appear when viewing a web site. It is also know as the index page with the HTML programming community.

Computer that provides web-documents to clients or users. The company or organization that maintains the computer on which a Web site is stored. If you use a host service, also called local internet service provider, it is common that your Web site address will have the name of your server within the address itself.

See also: Server.

Host Name
The DNS name for a single computer on the Internet, e.g.,

Hot list
Similar to a bookmark in Gopher or Netscape, this list makes note of particular pages on the WWW that are accessed when using the Mosaic browser.

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
Hypertext Markup Language. A standardized language of computer code, imbedded in "source" documents behind all Web documents, containing the textual content, images, links to other documents (hyperlinks), and formatting instructions for display on the screen. When you view a Web page, you are looking at the product of this code working behind the scenes in conjunction with your browser. Browsers are programmed to interpret HTML for display.

HTML often imbeds within it other programming languages and applications such as SGML, XML, Javascript, CGI-script and more. It is possible to deliver or access and execute virtually any program via the WWW.

You can see HTML in your browswer by selecting the View pop-down menu tab, then "Document Source." If you download a document as "Source," the file will contain HTML mark-up codes and can be viewed in your browser.

Abbreviation for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. Often this is the initial sequence of letters in a web address. HTTP is the standard for governing how Web browsers and Web servers communicate.

An icon, graphic, or word in a Web page file that, when clicked with the mouse, will automatically open another file for viewing. Hyperlinks, when clicked on, can dispaly a new graphic, or perhaps start an animation sequence or go to a different page in a Web site or to an entirely new Web site.

See Also: Hypertext

A system for storing information using embedded references to other pages, sounds, and graphics used on the WWW.

The text-based version of hypermedia. On the World Wide Web, the feature, built into HTML, that allows a text area, image, or other object to become a "link" (as if in a chain) that retrieves another computer file (another Web page, image, sound file, or other document) on the Internet. The range of possibilities is limited by the ability of the computer retrieving the outside file to view, play, or otherwise open the incoming file. It needs to have software that can interact with the imported file. Many software capabilities of this type are built into browsers or can be added as "plug-ins."

See Also: Hyperlink

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